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During much of the last half of the 19th century, Chicago's politics were dominated by a growing Democratic Party organization. [217] It features 42 navy blue gondolas that can hold up to eight adults and two kids. Going back to the past, around 200 settlers founded the city in the year 1833 and in a few years the population recorded a healthy 4000 individuals living in the city. Being a big city and resulting in a population loss in the past is something hard to digest but it is estimated that the city will have a higher population growth as compared to the current scenario in the years to come. [304] Each of the big four U.S. television networks, CBS, ABC, NBC and Fox, directly owns and operates a high-definition television station in Chicago (WBBM 2, WLS 7, WMAQ 5 and WFLD 32, respectively). In 2019, the team announced a move back to Soldier Field. The Fourth Presbyterian Church is one of the largest Presbyterian congregations in the United States based on memberships. Chicago also has a high concentration of post-baccalaureate institutions, graduate schools, seminaries, and theological schools, such as the Adler School of Professional Psychology, The Chicago School of Professional Psychology, the Erikson Institute, The Institute for Clinical Social Work, the Lutheran School of Theology at Chicago, the Catholic Theological Union, the Moody Bible Institute, the John Marshall Law School and the University of Chicago Divinity School. It was later rebuilt. [144] Northeast winds from wintertime cyclones departing south of the region sometimes bring the city lake-effect snow.[145]. The Port of Chicago consists of several major port facilities within the city of Chicago operated by the Illinois International Port District (formerly known as the Chicago Regional Port District). The city is the home to a large Romanian American community with more than 100,000.[15]. The Exposition drew 27.5 million visitors, and is considered the most influential world's fair in history. At nearly 10 million people, the metropolitan area is the third most populous in the United States. [44] The Chicago Board of Trade (established 1848) listed the first-ever standardized "exchange-traded" forward contracts, which were called futures contracts.[45]. This helps to keep pedestrians on the sidewalk further away from the street traffic. The city has major financial and futures exchanges, including the Chicago Stock Exchange, the Chicago Board Options Exchange (CBOE), and the Chicago Mercantile Exchange (the "Merc"), which is owned, along with the Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT) by Chicago's CME Group. [73] This Great Migration had an immense cultural impact, called the Chicago Black Renaissance, part of the New Negro Movement, in art, literature, and music. [15] The Chicago area has one of the highest gross domestic products (GDP) in the world, generating $689 billion in 2018. The park also hosts the annual Taste of Chicago festival. The Civic Opera House is home to the Lyric Opera of Chicago. In 1983, Harold Washington became the first black mayor of Chicago. [168], Chicago has the third-largest LGBT population in the United States. The magazine discovered such poets as Gwendolyn Brooks, James Merrill, and John Ashbery. The citizens of Chicago have not elected a Republican mayor since 1927, when William Thompson was voted into office. Chicago is an international hub for finance, culture, commerce, industry, education, technology, telecommunications, and transportation. [250] The Fire have won one league title and four U.S. Open Cups, since their founding in 1997. [6] The large Hispanic population is rather recent, with the segregation between Hispanics and non-Hispanic Whites being low when compared to Blacks and non-Hispanic Whites. Dew point temperatures in the summer range from an average of 55.7 °F (13.2 °C) in June to 61.7 °F (16.5 °C) in July,[139] but can reach nearly 80 °F (27 °C), such as during the July 2019 heat wave. The vast majority of Chicago Hispanics are of Mexican descent. Males had a median income of $35,907 versus $30,536 for females. Anarchist and socialist groups played prominent roles in creating very large and highly organized labor actions. Chicago's 58 million domestic and international visitors in 2018 made it the second most visited city in the United States, as compared with New York City's 65 million visitors in 2018. [340] Like Chicago, many of them are or were the second-most populous city or second-most influential city of their country, or they are the main city of a country that has had large numbers of immigrants settle in Chicago. [232] The appetizer, which consists of a square of fried cheese, is doused with Metaxa and flambéed table-side. [294] The magnet school with the largest enrollment is Lane Technical College Prep High School. Since 1999, Judge Mathis also films his syndicated arbitration-based reality court show at the NBC Tower. Chicago, Illinois is the 3rd largest city in the United States as of 2018. The racial composition of the city was: Chicago has a Hispanic or Latino population of 28.9%. During its first hundred years, Chicago was one of the fastest-growing cities in the world. In 2003, Robb Report named Chicago the country's "most exceptional dining destination".[234]. As of the 2010 census,[167] there were 2,695,598 people with 1,045,560 households living in Chicago. Chicago Illinois Population 2020 2019, Chicago Illinois Population 2019, Chicago Illinois Population 2020, Chicago Illinois Demographics 2020 2019, Chicago Illinois Statistics 2020 2019 [299], Chicago has a network of Lutheran schools,[300] and several private schools are run by other denominations and faiths, such as the Ida Crown Jewish Academy in West Ridge. At the end of the 19th century, Chicago was the fifth-largest city in the world,[156] and the largest of the cities that did not exist at the dawn of the century. Over a third of the city population is concentrated in the lakefront neighborhoods from Rogers Park in the north to South Shore in the south. The city has a large population of Bulgarians, Lithuanians,[24] Croats, Jews, Greeks and Serbs. The Chicago Marathon has been held each year since 1977 except for 1987, when a half marathon was run in its place. [27] According to his diary of late September 1687: ... when we arrived at the said place called "Chicagou" which, according to what we were able to learn of it, has taken this name because of the quantity of garlic which grows in the forests in this region. [5] Chicago has the fifth highest foreign-born population in the United States. While the Chicago Loop is the central business district, Chicago is also a city of neighborhoods. The magazine was instrumental in launching the Imagist and Objectivist poetic movements. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.1 males. As of 2018[update], Windy City Live is Chicago's only daytime talk show, which is hosted by Val Warner and Ryan Chiaverini at ABC7 Studios with a live weekday audience. They have played more games and have more wins than any other team in Major League baseball since 1876. 40,000 of them came as refugees during the 1990s and early 2000s.[19]. Founded in 1833, Chicago’s population boomed almost immediately. [26]. [325] CREATE, the Chicago Region Environmental and Transportation Efficiency Program, comprises about 70 programs, including crossovers, overpasses and underpasses, that intend to significantly improve the speed of freight movements in the Chicago area.[326]. [63], During the 1870s and 1880s, Chicago attained national stature as the leader in the movement to improve public health. Chicago comprises of 50% White, 32% Black, 8% Asian, and Native American combined with other races make up the rest of the remainder. The Chicago River is unique in its ways by flowing around the downtown area of the city. [189] Chicago was the base of commercial operations for industrialists John Crerar, John Whitfield Bunn, Richard Teller Crane, Marshall Field, John Farwell, Julius Rosenwald and many other commercial visionaries who laid the foundation for Midwestern and global industry. In the Encyclopedia of Chicago, Northwestern University Professor Bill Savage describes Chicago fiction as prose which tries to "capture the essence of the city, its spaces and its people". [109] The South Side is the largest section of the city, encompassing roughly 60% of the city's land area. The availability of jobs attracted African Americans from the Southern United States. Navy Pier, located just east of Streeterville, is 3,000 ft (910 m) long and houses retail stores, restaurants, museums, exhibition halls and auditoriums. [46] These issues also helped propel another Illinoisan, Abraham Lincoln, to the national stage. It also has entertainment systems inside the gondolas as well as a climate controlled environment. [185] In 2007, Chicago was named the fourth-most important business center in the world in the MasterCard Worldwide Centers of Commerce Index. [96], Chicago is located in northeastern Illinois on the southwestern shores of freshwater Lake Michigan. [126][127], A popular tourist activity is to take an architecture boat tour along the Chicago River.[128]. Its scenic lakeside location, world-class cultural offerings and unique architecture are just some of the reasons why Chicago is a great place to live and visit. Chicago is served by O'Hare International Airport, the world's busiest airport measured by airline operations,[327] on the far Northwest Side, and Midway International Airport on the Southwest Side. Chicago, Illinois is a city. [11] The border with the Eastern Time Zone is located a short distance to the east, used in Michigan and certain parts of Indiana. The Maxwell Street Polish is a grilled or deep-fried kielbasa—on a hot dog roll, topped with grilled onions, yellow mustard, and hot sport peppers. Chicago is a major world convention destination. The city responded by tunneling two miles (3.2 km) out into Lake Michigan to newly built water cribs. [38], As the site of the Chicago Portage,[39] the city became an important transportation hub between the eastern and western United States. Dhoom 3, Transformers: Dark of the Moon, Transformers: Age of Extinction, Transformers: The Last Knight, Divergent, Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice, Sinister 2, Suicide Squad. Du Sable was of African and French descent and arrived in the 1780s. Germans, Irish, Poles, Swedes and Czechs made up nearly two-thirds of the foreign-born population (by 1900, whites were 98.1% of the city's population). Overview. These schools offer a rigorous curriculum with mainly honors and Advanced Placement (AP) courses. It is the seat of several dioceses. The proximity to Lake Michigan tends to keep the Chicago lakefront somewhat cooler in summer and less brutally cold in winter than inland parts of the city and suburbs away from the lake. Chicago (/ʃɪˈkɑːɡoʊ/ (listen) shih-KAH-goh, locally also /ʃɪˈkɔːɡoʊ/ shih-KAW-goh), officially the City of Chicago, is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Illinois, and the third-most-populous city in the United States. [178][179] Chicago has many Jews, Muslims, Buddhists, Hindus, and others. As of the 2007 US Census American Community Survey the largest European ancestries were:[31]. The services terminate in San Francisco, Washington, D.C., New York City, Indianapolis, New Orleans, Portland, Seattle, Milwaukee, Quincy, St. Louis, Carbondale, Boston, Grand Rapids, Port Huron, Pontiac, Los Angeles, and San Antonio. [230], Chicken Vesuvio is roasted bone-in chicken cooked in oil and garlic next to garlicky oven-roasted potato wedges and a sprinkling of green peas.

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