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Transportation research board report. Rural Society, 25(3), 185–203. due road closures, some damage to buildings and fences, the positive impact of being able to cope with future natural disasters) and on businesses and community organisations (including personal anxiety due to loss of income due to reduced tourism). Translated by W.R. Schrivier under the title Landslides in Clays by Alexandre Collin, 1846. Geol Soc Am Bull 86:129–140, Hungr O, Fell R, Couture R, Eberhardt E (eds) (2005) Landslide risk management. McDonald, K. Courvisanos, J. Graymore, M. Thompson, H. Sheil, H. Miner, A. Corbett, J. Victoria, Australia. Part of Springer Nature. The Executive Summary is available at: http://www.gndr.org.au/resource_details.php?resource_id=4088, Ollerenshaw, A. Graymore, M. and McDonald, K. (2016) Beyond the call of duty: the integral role of local government in emergency management. The funding for this project was provided by a Natural Disaster Resilience Grant Application with in-kind contributions from partner organisations. Activities that prevent or reduce the adverse effects of landslides are termed mitigation. Association of Environmental and Engineering Geologists (AEG) Special Publication No. ‘Landslide Mapping & Processes in the Grampians, Victoria’, Honours Research Thesis, Bachelor of Applied Science (Honours) - Geology, University of Ballarat, Ballarat. 22, Turner AK, Schuster RL (1996) Landslides: investigation and mitigation. Large numbers of fatalities can be expected from very rapid and extremely rapid landslides which move faster than a person can run. In: Arnold M, Chen RS, Deichmann U, Dilley M, Lerner-Lam AL, Pullen RE, Trohanis Z (eds) Chapter2, natural disaster hotspots: case studies. Am J Sci 250:849–873, Heim A (1882) Der Berzsturz von Elm. Geology 40(10):1–4. In: Dilley M, Chen RS, Deichmann U, Arthur L. Lerner-Lam AL, Arnold M (eds) Disaster management series, the international bank for reconstruction and development/The World Bank and Columbia University, Wright SG, Nodine M, Gilbert RB (2007) Submarine slope stability. Landslides are local events; even the largest and most spectacular landslides exist under the radar and rarely result in national disaster declarations. A specific objective of the research was to identify the impacts of the natural disaster on communities within the region from a range of perspectives including residents, businesses, and from local and regional government and non-government agencies. Learn more about Institutional subscriptions, Blais-Stevens A, Geertsema M, Schwab JW, Bornhold BD, Mosher DC (2006) A brief overview of landslide-generated tsunamis affecting North America. - 87.76.31.126. In: Schuster RL, Krizek RJ (eds) Landslides: analysis and control. doi.org/10.1080/10371656.2016.1255476. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Innov. The Session, Socioeconomic Impacts of Landslides, was organized to provide discussions on the socioeconomic impact of landslide events as well as best practice for mitigation of the risk associated with landslides. Ollerenshaw, A. Dahlhaus, P.G. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Kjekstad O (2007) The challenges of landslide hazard mitigation in developing countries. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. University of Toronto Press, Toronto 1956. http://www.gndr.org.au/cb_pages/news/Landslide-mapping-and-processes.php . The research findings contribute to the evidence base on the impact of landslide events which are of interest both nationally and internationally. Reducing the global impact of landslides on risk-prone populations and critical infrastructure is an economic, social, and environmental necessity. Direct costs are damages directly attributable to the landslide. (2013). U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1325. PubMed Google Scholar. Subsequently, the Northern Grampians Shire Council, together with project partner organisations, approached CeRDI to undertake research to examine the impact of this natural disaster, with specific focus on addressing risk and resilience. Interactive landslide maps of the affected region are also available through the website. Social impacts on emergency services personnel (including fatigue, anxiety attributed to being assigned new roles, lack of training in landslide response and going beyond the call of duty), on individuals and residents (e.g. Wiley, Hoboken, Cruden DM, Varnes DJ (1996) Landslide types and processes. In: Turner AK, Schuster RL (eds) Landslides: investigation and mitigation, transportation research board special report 247. U.S Geological Survey Open-File Report 01-0276, Schuster RL, Highland LM (2007) Effects of Mass Wasting on the Natural Environment. National Academy of Sciences, Washington DC, pp 12–34, West TR (2007) Landslides and society: recognition, impacts and mitigation. Social and environmental impacts of landslides. Social impacts on emergency services personnel (including fatigue, anxiety attributed to being assigned new roles, lack of training in landslide response and going beyond the call of duty), on individuals and residents (e.g. Transportation research board special report 247. 161 p, and 21 Plates, Committee on the review of the national landslide hazards mitigation strategy (2004) Partnerships for reducing landslide risk. Carilian-Goeury and Dalmont, Paris. Mar Geol 215:45–57, Glade T, Anderson MG, Crozier MJ (eds) (2005) Landslide hazard and risk, 1st edn. Landslide losses include direct and indirect costs. Association of Environmental & Engineering Geologists (AEG) Special Publication No. Mar Pet Geol 22:195–208, Article  Sci Tsunami Hazards 20(5):251–277, Petley D (2012) Global patterns of loss of life from landslides. Bull Eng Geol Environ 66:1–27, Shroder J, Davies T (2014) Landslide hazards, risks, and disasters, 1st edn. The World Bank Hazard Management Unit, Washington, DC, pp 21–77, Pararas-Carayannis G (2002) Evaluation of the threat of mega tsunami generation from postulated massive slope failures of the island volcanoes on La Palma, Canary Islands, and on the Island of Hawaii. The product of landslide volume and speed approximates its “power” (or energy). Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft 34:74–115, Highland LM (2006) Estimating landslide losses: preliminary results of a seven-state pilot project. In: Turner AK, Schuster RL (eds) landslides and society: proceedings of the first north American landslide conference. Association of Environmental and Engineering Geologists (AEG), Lexington, pp 89–114, Masson DG, Harbitz CB, Wynn RB, Pedersen G, Løvholt F (2006) Submarine landslides: processes, triggers and hazard prediction. Pavement and culvert damage, Silverband Rd (source VicRoads). https://doi.org/10.1007/s41062-018-0175-y, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s41062-018-0175-y, Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips, Not logged in https://pubs.usgs.gov/circ/1325/pdf/C1325_508.pdf, https://doi.org/10.1007/s41062-018-0175-y. Environ Eng Geosci 13(1):25–44, Schuster RL, Highland LM (2007) The third hans cloos lecture. In January 2011, an intense rainfall event in Western Victoria triggered over 190 landslides in the Grampians National Park and caused widespread regional flooding. Indirect costs include travel detours, economic restrictions, and environmental impacts. Urban landslides: socioeconomic impacts and overview of mitigative strategies. Landslide velocities vary over ten orders of magnitude from extremely slow (a few mm/year) to extremely rapid (more than 5 m/s). Philos Trans R Soc A 364:2009–2039, Moon AT, Wilson RA, Flentje PN (2005) Developing and using landslide frequency models. Loss data show that, while losses are increasing everywhere, the consequences are much higher in developing countries than in … National Academy Press, Washington, DC, pp 36–75, Duncan MJ, De Puy M, Schuster RL, Marcuson WF, Alfaro L, Morgenstern N (2007) Landslides in the Panama Canal. In: Hungr O, Fell R, Couture R, Eberhardt E (eds) Landslide risk management. The volume of individual landslides similarly ranges over many orders of magnitude. In: Turner, AK, Schuster RL (Eds.) Key findings from the research identified: In addition, data for the 2011 landslides in the affected region were spatially mapped and complemented by photographic documentation. Economic impacts e.g. Cameron, J. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2006–1052, Heezen BC, Ewing M (1952) Turbidity Currents and Submarine Slumps and the 1929 Grand Banks, Newfoundland Earthquake. CRC Press, Boca Raton, pp 681–690, Nadim F, Kjekstad O, Domaas U, Rafat R, Peduzzi P (2006) Global landslides risk case study. Innovative Infrastructure Solutions Wiley, Hoboken, Fine IV, Rabinovich AB, Bornhold BD, Thomson RE, Kulikov EA (2005) the grand banks, landslide-generated tsunami of November 18, 1929: preliminary analysis and numerical modeling. Alan Keith Turner. 22. p. 117–147, World Bank (2005) Natural disaster hotspots: a global risk analysis. Landslides and society: proceedings of the first north american landslide conference. The term landslide defines the “movement of a mass of rock, debris, or earth down a slope.” However, landslides are not limited either to the “land” or to “sliding.” Landslides are natural phenomena that cause societal disruptions when humans place parts of the built environment in their path. costs to emergency management and infrastructure organisations, including intangibles associated with staff burn-out and lack of preparedness and planning for landslide events, costs to businesses due to loss of income from reduced tourism, recovery phase outcomes, including increased employment and skill-building from recovery construction work the economic value of which were estimated to outweigh the tourism losses. This project contributes to the evidence base on the impact of landslide events which are of interest both nationally and internationally. Federation University Honours project associated with this research. Association of Environmental and Engineering Geologists (AEG), Lexington, pp 25–40, Duncan MJ, Wright SG, Brandon TL (2014) Soil strength and slope stability, 2nd edn. Turner, A.K. Slope instability along transportation routes and in mountain valleys poses dangers and is a source of considerable economic losses. Association of Environmental and Engineering Geologists (AEG) Special Publication No. Solut. National Academy Press, Washington DC, Varnes DJ (1978) Slope movement processes. National Academy Press, Washington DC, pp 673, Turner AK, Schuster RL (2012) Rockfall: evaluation and control. Grampians Natural Disaster Research - Map. Wiley, Hoboken, Harp EL, Crone AJ (2006) Landslides triggered by the October 8, 2005, Pakistan earthquake and associated landslide-dammed reservoirs. Infrastruct. Elsevier, Amsterdam, Turner AK, Schuster RL (2007) Landslides and society: proceedings of the first north american landslide conference.

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