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"[143] The report discusses a teaching physician who said "residents are threatened with being expelled from the program or their hospital if they include a malnutrition diagnosis in medical records", causing malnutrition to be understated in Venezuelan data. International Organization for Migration said recently. "[116] The report also stated that the 2017 ban on dealing in Venezuelan government stocks and bonds allows exceptions for food and medicine, and that the 28 January 2019 PDVSA sanctions could worsen the situation, although "the crisis precedes them". The government imports most of the food the country needs, it is controlled by the military, and the price paid for food is higher than justified by market prices. Venezuela en populismo, "The Venezuelan refugee crisis: Challenges and solutions", "Working in Venezuela: How the Crisis has Affected the Labor Conditions", "Venezuelans facing 'unprecedented challenges,' many need aid - internal U.N. report", "Venezuelan migrant exodus hits 3 million: U.N.", "Venezuela's timid gains in taming inflation fade as food prices soar", "More dollars and fewer protests in Venezuela", "Maduro says 'thank God' for dollarization in Venezuela", "Estrategia de Cooperación de OPS/OMS con Venezuela 2006–2008", "Fact Sheet. [115], A number of foreign firms have left the nation—often due to quarrels with the socialist government—including Smurfit Kappa, Clorox, Kimberly Clark and General Mills; the departures aggravate unemployment and shortages. ", "In shortages-hit Venezuela, lining up becomes a profession", "Exclusive: Harrowing Video Shows Starving Venezuelans Eating Garbage, Looting", "Mangoes fill the gaps in Venezuela's food crisis", "Hungry Venezuelans killing flamingos and anteaters for food, biologists say", "Venezuela: UN should lead full-scale emergency response", "As Venezuela collapses, children are dying of hunger", "Venezuelans report big weight losses in 2017 as hunger hits", "Encuesta Nacional de Condiciones de Vida, Venezuela 2017, Alimentación I", "José María de Viana: El Sistema Tuy en Caracas necesita 600 megavatios de potencia para funcionar de nuevo", "Desperate Venezuelans swarm sewage drains in search of water", "In pictures: Seeking water amid power cut", "Ciudadanos se bañan en alcantarillas por falta de luz y agua en Lara", "Venezuela's medical crisis requires world's attention", "Doctors say Venezuela's health care in collapse", "Médicos del Hospital Universitario de Caracas suspenden cirugías por falta de insumos", "Infant mortality in Venezuela has soared during crisis, UN says", "Thousands dying early as medical system implodes in Venezuela", "In deteriorating Venezuela, a kid's scraped knee can be life or death", "Nicolás Maduro destituyó a la ministra de Salud que publicó las cifras sobre los aumentos en mortalidad infantil y materna en Venezuela", "UN urged to declare full-scale crisis in Venezuela as health system 'collapses, "Researchers are surprised by the magnitude of Venezuela's health crisis", "U.S. to pay for thousands of doses of HIV drugs for Venezuelan...", "Venezuela's health system in 'utter collapse' as infectious diseases spread, report says", "U.N. urged to scale up aid as Venezuela crisis deepens", "Report: Full-scale UN response needed in Venezuela", "Constitution of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela", "Red Cross aid to Venezuela to triple as Maduro stance softens", "Maduro says Venezuela ready to receive international aid", "Venezuela Faces Health Crisis Amid Shortage of HIV/Aids Medication", "Venezuela Seeks to Quell Fears of Disease Outbreak", "Venezuela's Maduro denounces "psychological war" waged by opposition", "In Venezuela, doctor flees after being accused of terrorism amid fever outbreak", "Cash-strapped Venezuela hikes public service fees amid coronavirus outbreak", "Venezuela files claim for the Bank of England to hand over $1.5bn of its gold", "Infant mortality and malaria soar in Venezuela, according to government data", "La crisis humanitaria dispara los abortos clandestinos en Venezuela", "No strangers at the gate Collective Responsibility and a Region's Response to the Venezuelan Refugee and Migration Crisis", https://www.npr.org/2019/03/30/708405590/many-pregnant-women-are-among-those-leaving-venezuela, https://www.reuters.com/article/us-venezuela-health-women-idUSKCN1U32AS, https://www.populationconnection.org/article/venezuela-pregnant-colombia/, https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2018/05/huir-para-ver-la-luz-el-exodo-de-las-embarazadas-venezolanas/, https://www.bloomberg.com/news/features/2019-04-03/one-risky-birth-shows-how-venezuela-s-diaspora-strains-its-neighbors, https://www.reuters.com/article/us-venezuela-migration-brazil-babies-idUSKCN1L713K, https://widerimage.reuters.com/story/venezuelan-mothers-children-in-tow-rush-to-migrate, https://reliefweb.int/report/ecuador/venezuelan-voices-spiraling-regional-crisis-hits-ecuador, https://www.unhcr.org/news/stories/2019/10/5da42be64/colombia-gives-venezuela-newborns-start-life.html, "Why Venezuelans worry more about food than crime", "Inside Venezuela's Crumbling Mental Hospitals", "Enforque—La agitación política y la escasez pasan factura psicológica a los niños de Venezuela", "Sexo por comida: las niñas venezolanas que se prostituyen para saciar el hambre | El Cooperante", "CARACAS JOURNAL; In Venezuela Housing Crisis, Squatters Find 45-Story Walkup", "Venezuelan housing shortage a headache for Chavez", "Tallest squat in the world becomes emblem of Venezuela housing crisis", "Abandoned Cars To Solve Venezuela's Housing Crisis? [144] The HRW/Johns Hopkins report says: "Venezuela is the only country in the world where large numbers of individuals living with HIV have been forced to discontinue their treatment as a result of the lack of availability of antiretroviral (ARV) medicines. [127] According to The Washington Post, analysts said that two-thirds of Venezuela's population (20 million people) were without water, partially or completely, in the weeks after the blackouts. [107][108], Corruption is high in Venezuela according to the Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index and is prevalent at many levels of society. The members of the Constituent Assembly would not be elected in open elections, but selected from social organizations loyal to Maduro. “We can’t just put a lock on the door and call it quits. By 2017, hunger had escalated to the point where almost seventy-five percent of the population had lost an average of over 8 kg (over 19 lbs) in weight[a] and more than half did not have enough income to meet their basic food needs. [213] During the 2019 Venezuelan blackouts in March, Maduro called on the armed paramilitary gangs, saying, "The time has come for active resistance". According to an investigation by The Economist, the total number of displaced Venezuelans may already have reached four million out of a population of about 30 million, which represents 13 percent of the population of Venezuela. About the only thing Venezuela has in abundance is chaos. Things could still get worse, which is really saying something for a place where prices are doubling every 26 days. “We have practically taken on the functions of the state,” said Juan Carlos Perrota, a butcher who runs Machiques’ chamber of commerce. [196][198] Most express kidnapping victims are released, but in 2016, 18 were killed. On the other side of Zulia state, in the ranching town of Machiques, the economic collapse has decimated the meat and dairy industries that had supplied the country. [116] The Washington Post stated that "the deprivation long predates recently imposed US sanctions". It has now created what it calls a “humanitarian corridor” by laying on buses to take Venezuelans across Ecuador, from the Colombian border to the Peruvian border. [288] His report, which he says was ignored by the UN, was criticized by the Latin America and Caribbean programme director for the Crisis Group for neglecting to mention the impact of a "difficult business environment on the country", which the director said "was a symptom of Chavismo and the socialist governments’ failures", and that "Venezuela could not recover under current government policies even if the sanctions were lifted. Following the 2007 expropriations, Venezuela's oil production went on a steep decline. [293] Venezuela's Defense Minister Vladimir Padrino criticized Trump for the statement, calling it "an act of supreme extremism" and "an act of madness". The economy has spiraled toward collapse, and a humanitarian crisis has plunged hordes into needless sickness and starvation. [171] The situation has strained the budget of these hospitals, putting Erasmo Meoz 14 million dollars into debt. [116], In March 2019, The Wall Street Journal reported that the "collapse of Venezuela's health system, once one of the best in Latin America, has led to a surge in infant and maternal mortality rates and a return of rare diseases that were considered all but eradicated. Standard & Poor's and S&P are registered trademarks of Standard & Poor's Financial Services LLC and Dow Jones is a registered trademark of Dow Jones Trademark Holdings LLC. Enjoy! Nearly 11,500 infants died in 2016, a 30% rise from the prior year. [215] Videos circulated on social media showing colectivos threatening protesters and shooting in the streets;[216] two protestors were shot. "Even at the hospital there is still no food for the patients," says Dr. Huniades Urbina-Medina, head of pediatrics at Hospital de Niños J.M. It was briefly shut down earlier this month—but that, too, was overturned by a court order. [154] By 2016, Venezuela's malaria-prevention program had collapsed, and there were more than a hundred thousand cases of malaria yearly.

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